<%@LANGUAGE="JAVASCRIPT" CODEPAGE="65001"%> County Judge OptionalRegion1

County Judge

Presides over a five-member commissioners court, which has budgetary and administrative authority over county government operations.

Duties of the commissioners court include:

  • Vote with the county judge to set the budget for all county departments and adopt a tax rate.
  • May temporarily ban burning certain fireworks during hazardous drought conditions.
  • Set the yearly property tax rate and approve the budget and employment level for the county.
  • Call, conduct and certify elections, including bond elections.
  • Set employment and benefit policy.
  • Establish long-range thoroughfare, open space, land use, financial and law enforcement/jail needs plans.
  • Acquire property for rights-of-way or other uses determined to be in the public's best interest.
  • Review and approve subdivision platting and wastewater treatment for rural areas.
  • May provide rural ambulance services and subsidize rural fire protection.
  • Oversee the construction, maintenance and improvement of county roads and bridges.
  • Appoint non-elected department heads and standing committees.
  • Supervise and control the county courthouse, county buildings, and facilities.
  • Has exclusive authority to authorize contracts in the name of the county.
  • Has authority to grant tax abatement for economic development.

Handles widely varying matters to include:

  • Hearings for beer and wine license applications.
  • Hearings on admittance to state hospitals for the mentally ill and mentally retarded.
  • Juvenile work permits and temporary guardianships for special purposes.

Responsible for calling elections, posting election notices, and receiving and canvassing the election returns.

May perform marriages.

Information provided by Texas Association of Counties